11:42:28 12.04.2018 kawabamxa

September

The name September comes from the old Roman word ‘septem’, which means seven, because in the Roman calendar it was the seventh month. They also called it Haefest monath, or Harvest month. The Romans believed that the month of September was september after by the god, Vulcan.

As the god of the fire and forge they therefore expected September to be associated with fires, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. September is the start of the school year. Students return to school after the six week summer holiday. Nothing whatsoever happened in British history between 3 and 13 September 1752. The Gregorian calendar is the one most used nowadays. It is named after Pope Gregory Xlll who introduced it in 1582. Up until 1753, the calendar we used in Britain was the Julian Calendar.

It was based on the solar year, the time it takes for the Earth to rotate around the Sun, and thus was less accurate than the Gregorian Calendar. 25 days long, which was fractionally too long, and the calendar over time fell out of line with the seasons. All change – “Give us back our 11 days! In 1752 Britain decided to correct this by abandoning the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian. By doing so, 3 September instantly became 14 September – and as a result, nothing whatsoever happened in British history between 3 and 13 September 1752. Many people believed their lives would be shortened. They protested in the streets, demanding “Give us back our 11 days!

Traditionally 24th September was the day on which harvesting began in medieval England. As the last of the crops are gathered in, there used to be a lovely ceremony called ‘Calling the Mare’. The farmers all wanted to prove that they had the best reapers, so they tried to gather in the last of their crops before the neighbouring farmer did. The last sheaf of the harvest was used to make a rough mare shape and it was quickly sent round to any farmers who had not finished gathering his crops. It was a way of saying to the farmer that wild horses would be after his crops, if he didn’t gather them in quickly. The men would run round to the neighbouring farm, throw the mare over the hedge into the field where the other farmer was working, and they would shout ‘Mare, Mare’ and then run away. The farmer, who received the mare, would then have to work quickly to see if he could finish before another farm did, then he would throw the mare to them.

The farmer who was last to finish had to keep the mare all year and have it on display so that everyone knew he had been the slowest farmer of that year. A corn dolly was supposed to have been the spirit of the corn goddess and dates back hundreds of years. People believed that the corn goddess lived in the corn and would die when the corn was harvested unless some of it was saved. So to make sure the corn goddess stayed alive until next spring sowing, a corn dolly was made from the last sheaf of corn for the corn goddess to rest in until the next. Michaelmas Day is the feast of Saint Michael the Archangel, celebrated on 29 September. Michael is the patron saint of the sea and maritime lands, of ships and boatmen, of horses and horsemen.

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